Lake Baikal: depth, dislocation and natural features
The pearl of Siberia, unique natural reservoir, the nice sea, pride of Russia – not to count the similar words pronounced concerning Lake Baikal. And all of them are absolutely deserved. Baikal attracts to itself the secrets and unique beauty. About him shoot movies, compose songs and verses; in his waters researches are constantly conducted. Animals and plants endemics, unusual transparency of water and ice, underwater ridges, mystical shrines – all this attracts thousands of people, scientists and simple tourists, there, where there is Lake Baikal, far inland.
Features of the Siberian sea
Lake Baikal – the world's largest reservoir filled with fresh water. The sizes impress him: the area of a water smooth surface is 31,7 thousand sq.km, the total length of the twisting coast is 2,1 thousand km. Depth of Lake Baikal in 1642 m competes to ocean depths, on all planet there are no worthy competitors. The form of a natural reservoir is compared to the arising half moon or a horn.
If attentively to look where there is Lake Baikal on a Russia map, it will become clear why it is called the Siberian sea. The reservoir stretched on 636 km in length on border of Buryatia and the Irkutsk region appears directly in the south of Eastern Siberia. Width in 24–79 km has allowed even to occupy one of the large islands which are in its water area. Olkhon Huzhir from 1,3 thousand inhabitants has contained on the area of 730 sq.km nine settlements, including the item.
Infrastructure of Baikal
Baikal – the lake with the developed tourist infrastructure. Pedestrian tracks are laid on all coast, pass also in the western part of Baikal, and on the East. It is possible to study the territory of a reservoir having floated it along the coast by the boat, a kayak or the boat. All this it is possible to order round from local tour operators. Independently and quickly enough it is possible to reach different settlements on ferries or "Comet". On the map of Lake Baikal with settlements it is visible that they are not nearby, and on a distance from each other on different coast and to reach on the relief land can be difficult, and at times and it is impossible.
The majority of routes of travelers and scientific expeditions begins at пгт. Listvyanka closest from Irkutsk of the settlement on the bank of the lake. In the place where Lake Baikal gives the waters to Angara, there is a brisk settlement with hotels, rental centers, bus station, pier. Tourists are attracted in Listvyanke by the museums, ski center, temples, the diving center, observatory and nerpinariya.